Tipu Sultan, prominently known as Sher-e-Mysore (Tiger of Mysore) was the eldest son of Sultan Hyder Ali of Mysore. Tipu Sultan, remembered as the legendary ruler of his time and the most powerful ruler India ever had played a major role in keeping the British army away from entering South India. In 1782 Tipu took over Hyder Ali as the great ruler of Mysore after Hyder Ali’s death.
Srirangapatnam, the island fortress was the capital of Mysore during the 18th century. It was so well organized with good trade routes that British feared terrible consequences. In addition, the ruler of Mysore had an effective army as that of British army. This led to four wars back to back.
In the Fourth Mysore war the British laid siege to Srirangapatna on 4th May 1799 AD and effectively breached the Fort at Watergate. On hearing of this storming of the enemy, Tipu moved in posthaste to the spot, and in the fight, fell to the bullet of a British soldier. It was here the body of Tipu Sultan was identified and recovered amidst heaps of dead soldiers. In recognition of the valiant Tipu, Colonel Wellesley set a stone tablet to mark the spot.
Text Source and Credit:
- Archaeological Survey of India